As a result of reading and studying this chapter students will be able to:

  • Identify definitions of comprehension
  • Recognize the reader competencies that impact comprehension
  • Recognize the dimensions of text that impact comprehension
  • Explain the three elements of comprehension: text, activity, context
  • Describe the strategies good readers use before, during, and after reading
  • Name and explain the comprehension strategies that need to be explicitly taught
  • Explain the importance of metacognition in reading
  • Sequence the steps of explicit comprehension strategy instruction
  • Define scaffolding in terms of process and tools for comprehension strategy instruction
  • Explain the benefit of contextualized instruction for comprehension strategies
  • Define and explain the benefits of reader response in discussion and writing
  • Identify important considerations when teaching reading comprehension to English-language learners

Key Terms

  • Genre
  • Narrative text
  • Informational (expository) text
  • Surface features of text
  • Graphic features of text
  • Adept diction
  • Media
  • Considerate texts
  • Engaged readers
  • Metacognition in reading
  • Monitoring comprehension
  • World knowledge
  • Schema theory
  • Literal questions
  • Inferential question
  • Applied questions
  • Strategic questions
  • Multiple strategy instruction
  • Scaffolding
  • Reader response



Instructional PowerPoint


Web Resources

The following websites and resources may be useful to reading teachers in planning and implementing their lessons.