As a result of reading and studying this chapter students will be able to:

  • Name and describe the four processors of the Adams Model of Skilled Reading
  • Name and describe the five phases of Ehri's Phases of Word Recognition Development
  • Define decoding and recognize its importance to the development of proficient reading

Key Terms

  • Orthographic processor
  • Phonological processor
  • Pre-alphabetic Phase
  • Partial Alphabetic Phase
  • Full Alphabetic Phase
  • Consolidated Alphabetic Phase
  • Automatic Phase
  • Decoding



Instructional PowerPoint


Web Resources

The following websites and resources may be useful to reading teachers in planning and implementing their lessons.

  • Between the Lions: Chicken Stacker
    This interactive game is fun and an engaging way to reinforce vowel sounds and the CVC pattern with students.
  • Word Family Sort
    This website includes an interactive game in which students can practice their word sorting skills by choosing one of five short vowels and completing a word family chart. Students can also print their completed word family charts for later reference.
  • Phonic Reading Lessons: Skills and Practice
    This phonics program was created by Academic Therapy Publications and contains easy-to-use 10-15 minute lessons that are appropriate for students with learning disabilities.
  • Alphabetic Understanding Lessons: Decoding Regular Words
    Here are three lesson plans produced by the University of Texas that explore decoding CVC words using a variety of instructional methods. The lessons cover silently sounding out words and swapping letters to create new words.
  • Elkonin Box Resources
    Visitors can choose from over 50 Elkonin box activity templates. Each template has a picture of the word and blank boxes for students to reinforce sound/spelling correspondences.
  • Irregular Word Activities
    This helpful classroom resource contains a collection of approximately 100 activities. The collection also includes materials created and contributed by teachers and educators across the nation.
  • Syllabication Rules
    An interactive tutorial for students in grades 3 and 4 that presents syllabication rules and a series of syllabication activities that prompt students to apply these rules.
  • Syllables — Dividing Words Into Syllables
    This website contains a collection of interactive activities that reinforce multisyllabic word reading. The activities found on this website include a matching game, a concentration game, a word search, and flashcards.