As a result of reading and studying this chapter students will be able to:

  • Identify and describe the focus of each of the tiers of the Three Tier Model of Instruction
  • Compare the instructional goals in Tiers I, II, and III
  • Compare the assessment in Tiers I, II, and III
  • Compare the professional development in Tiers I, II, and III
  • Explain the discrepancy model for determining student eligibility for special education services
  • Describe the focus of Response to Intervention (RtI)
  • Identify the types of teachers who make up Problem Solving Teams
  • Identify the purpose of problem solving teams
  • Sequence the steps for the planning the Implementation of a Comprehensive Reading Model

Key Terms

  • Comprehensive Reading Model
  • Three Tier Model of Instruction
  • Intensive Intervention
  • Strategic Supplemental Intervention
  • Core Reading Program
  • Essential reading components
  • Screening
  • Progress monitoring
  • Diagnostic measures
  • Outcome measure
  • Problem solving method
  • Problem solving teams



Instructional PowerPoint


Web Resources

The following websites and resources may be useful to reading teachers in planning and implementing their lessons.

  • National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP): The Nation's Report Card: Reading 2007
    The full NAEP report that presents the disappointing results of the 2007 NAEP in reading grades 4 and 8. The report includes results for all 50 states and the District of Columbia.
  • Spotlight 3-Tier Reading Schools
    Learn more about a 2004-2005 project that introduced the Three-Tier Reading Model to numerous Texas schools and districts. The project website offers a description of the model, the research behind it, and examples of its implementation in schools and districts.
  • "Research and the Three-Tier Model" by Richard Allington
    This article presents a different perspective of the Three-Tier Model of Reading Instruction and proposes an alternative version that will prevent what is termed by Allington as "instructional fragmentation."
  • High Noon Reading-Levels 1 & 2
    A reading intervention series, created by High Noon Books, a division of Academic Therapy Publications, that offers 130 lessons for grades 3 and above. Ideal for small group and individual student instruction, the High Noon Reading program is the perfect addition to your tiered instruction model.