As a result of reading and studying this chapter students will be able to:

  • Describe components of effective phonics instruction
  • Define and describe systematic and explicit phonics instruction
  • Identify examples of synthetic-explicit, analogy, analytic, and embedded phonics instruction
  • Recognize important considerations for the sequence of phonics instruction
  • Identify the difference between regular and irregular words
  • Identify four blending techniques for teaching decoding
  • Describe and explain the benefit of decodable text in early reading instruction
  • Describe and explain the benefit of phonogram instruction in phonics instruction
  • Explain the importance of word work and give examples of word work activities

Key Terms

  • Systematic phonics
  • Explicit phonics
  • Synthetic phonics
  • Analogy phonics
  • Embedded phonics
  • Corrective feedback
  • Monitoring
  • Pacing
  • Signaling
  • Regular words
  • Irregular words
  • Sound by sound
  • Continuous blending
  • Whole word blending
  • Spelling focused blending
  • Automatic word recognition
  • Decodable text
  • Phonograms
  • Word sorting
  • Word building
  • Elkonin boxes with letters
  • Dictation



Instructional PowerPoint