As a result of reading and studying this chapter students will be able to:

  • Describe the state of reading today and how initiatives such as NCLB and Reading First have affected the Reading Deficit
  • Compare the brain activation patterns of good and poor readers and explain how this information might inform reading instruction
  • Identify how to recognize effective reading research
  • Describe the essential components of reading instruction
  • Identify and define the four types of assessments used to inform reading instruction
  • Outline the components of a Comprehensive Assessment Plan
  • Recognize the stumbling blocks to becoming a proficient reader
  • Describe the four levels of learners that are used to target reading instruction and intervention
  • Describe effective instruction for the three types of adolescent struggling readers
  • Identify recommendations for ELL reading instruction

Key Terms

  • Curriculum Based Measurement (CBM)
  • Matthew Effects
  • the Fourth Grade Slump
  • Academic language
  • Differentiated Instruction
  • Alliterate
  • Functional illiterate
  • English Language Learners



Instructional PowerPoint


Web Resources

The following websites and resources may be useful to reading teachers in planning and implementing their lessons.